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Diastema Closure with direct composites is one of the most minimally invasive and often performed procedures in aesthetic and restorative dentistry. Yet, it remains a technique-sensitive procedure, often yielding good results only in the hands of experienced and skilled clinicians. More often than not, clinicians struggle with technique, ranging from unaesthetic restorations to cervical overhangs.
To simplify Direct Diastema closures for everyday dentistry, Dr. Jordi Manauta and the Style Italiano Group have devised the Front Wing technique.
This article is a case report that used this technique for two separate midline diastema closure cases. As its name suggests, the Front Wing Technique advocates the building up of the restoration from the Buccal aspect as against the palatal aspect used for other layering procedures. The palatal index has been often used but with little effect since it does not adequately develop and contour the cervical part of the restoration.
The Front Wing Technique allows the clinician to control the restorations’ emergence profile and shape completely. Once these front ‘wings’ have been developed, posterior sectional matrices achieve a good contact point. The palatal part can now be easily contoured against the buccal wings on one side and the proximal matrices on the other. A small amount of flowable resin is first placed and not cured. Next, the composite is packed from the palatal aspect until no more material flows out from the buccal. This ensures good sealing of the space and helps in achieving tight contact. Finishing and polishing are then carried out sequentially.
Case Report 1
A young girl aged 18 came to our Dental Clinic with the chief complaint of a gap between her front teeth. On Examination, a midline diastema was noted between 11 and 21. Further history revealed past orthodontic treatment. The space had opened up due to the relapse of orthodontic treatment. She refused to undergo orthodontic treatment for a second time. We decided to close the space with Direct Composites to restore the aesthetics while staying non-invasive.
A beautiful lady in her 40s wished to close the gap between her front teeth. She had previous restorations between 11 and 21, which had dislodged. It was decided to redo the restorations with direct composites following strict isolation and bonding protocols.
Skipping the palatal index and approaching the restorations from the buccal aspect allowed us to achieve a good emergence profile and contact without complicating the procedure. This technique is easy to adopt and work with since it simplifies a seemingly complex and unachievable outcome. It is necessary to adopt new techniques to develop a predictable workflow for everyday aesthetic and restorative dentistry.
1. Manauta J. The Front Wing Technique. 2016. Styleitaliano. https://www.styleitaliano.org/the-front-wing-technique/
2. Dietschi D. Optimizing smile composition and aesthetics with resin composites and other conservative esthetic procedures. Eur J Esthet Dent 2008; 3(1):14-29.
3. Devoto W, Saracinelli M., Manauta J.Composite in everyday practice: how to choose the right material and simplify application techniques in the anterior teeth. Eur. J. Esthet Dent 2010; 5: 102-124
4. Manauta J, Salat A. Layers, An atlas of composite resin stratification.Quintessence Books, 2012
Dr. Nisha Deshpande has been practicing restorative and esthetic dentistry in Thane for over 10 years. She can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Dr. Nisha Deshpande graduated from Government Dental College and Hospital, Mumbai in 2007. She was the recipient of the Vice-Chancellor's Gold Medal for scoring the highest marks in her final BDS examination, having topped the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (MUHS) in 2006. She has received the Post Graduate Certificate in Aesthetic Dentistry from the State University of New York at Buffalo, USA in 2011. She is a member of the European Society of Cosmetic Dentistry (ESCD) and the Indian Academy of Aesthetic and Cosmetic Dentistry (IAACD). She is currently pursuing the International Certification In Aesthetic and Restorative Dentistry from Egas Moniz University, Caparica, Portugal.